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Highlights of Changes under Indirect Tax in Union Budgets 2022-23




The Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs Smt Nirmala Sitharaman presenting the Union Budget in Parliament today on 1st February 2022.

The Finance Minister said in budget speech, there is remarkable growth in GST despite of covid pandemic, the taxpayer deserves applause for this growth. Collection of GST for the month of January 2022 is all time high since inception amounting to Rs.1.4 Lakh crore.

Also mentioned there are many difficulties comes in implementation of GST Regime which has been resolve, and some are remain for which we are working on it.

Here are the highlights of changes proposed with respect to indirect tax in Union Budget 2022-23

1 Special Economic Zones

  • Customs Administration of SEZs to be fully IT driven and function on the Customs National Portal  it shall be implemented by September 30, 2022.

2. Customs Reforms and duty rate changes

  • During Covid-19 pandemic, Customs formations have done exceptional frontline work against all odds displaying agility and purpose.
  • Faceless Customs has been fully established.

3. Project imports and capital goods

  • Gradually phasing out of the concessional rates in capital goods and project imports; and applying a moderate tariff of 7.5 percent   – conducive to the growth of domestic sector and ‘Make in India’.
  • Certain exemptions for advanced machineries that are not manufactured within the country shall continue.
  • A few exemptions introduced on inputs, like specialised castings, ball screw and linear motion guide - to encourage domestic manufacturing of capital goods.

4. Review of customs exemptions and tariff simplification

More than 350 exemption entries proposed to be gradually phased out, like exemption on certain agricultural produce, chemicals, fabrics, medical devices, & drugs and medicines for which sufficient domestic capacity exists.

Simplifying the Customs rate and tariff structure particularly for sectors like chemicals, textiles and metals and minimise disputes; Removal of exemption on items which are or can be manufactured in India and providing concessional duties on raw material that go into manufacturing of intermediate products – in line with the objective of ‘Make in India’ and ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’.

Sector specific proposals



Customs duty rates to be calibrated to provide a graded rate structure - to facilitate domestic manufacturing of wearable devices, hearable devices and electronic smart meters.

Duty concessions to parts of transformer of mobile phone chargers and camera lens of mobile camera module and certain other items – To enable domestic manufacturing of high growth electronic items.


Customs duty on cut and polished diamonds and gemstones being reduced to 5 per cent; Nil customs duty to simply sawn diamond - To give a boost to the Gems and Jewellery sector

A simplified regulatory framework to be implemented by June this year - To facilitate export of jewellery through e-commerce.

Customs duty of at least Rs 400 per Kg to be paid on imitation jewellery import - To disincentivise import of undervalued imitation jewellery.


Customs duty on certain critical chemicals namely methanol, acetic acid and heavy feed stocks for petroleum refining being reduced; Duty is being raised on sodium cyanide for which adequate domestic capacity exists – This will help in enhancing domestic value addition.


Customs duty on umbrellas being raised to 20 per cent. Exemption to parts of umbrellas being withdrawn.

Exemption being rationalised on implements and tools for agri-sector which are manufactured in India

Customs duty exemption given to steel scrap last year extended for another year to provide relief to MSME secondary steel producers

Certain Anti- dumping and CVD on stainless steel and coated steel flat products, bars of alloy steel and high-speed steel are being revoked – to tackle prevailing high prices of metal in larger public interest.


To incentivise exports, exemptions being provided on items such as embellishment, trimming, fasteners, buttons, zipper, lining material, specified leather, furniture fittings and packaging boxes.

Duty being reduced on certain inputs required for shrimp aquaculture - to promote its exports.


Unblended fuel to attract an additional differential excise duty of Rs 2/ litre from October 01, 2022 - to encourage blending of fuel.

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